A Prayer for Clarity from a Minister of the Gospel

For the last week, the Reformed Margins team has discussed, debated, and prayed through whether this post should be written. Even as we publish today, we do so with heavy and conflicted hearts.

Last week The Root, an online news magazine, posted an article commenting on Briarwood Presbyterian Church’s decision to establish their own police force. Within this article, Michael Harriot, the author of the report, uncovered information about Briarwood’s pastor, Rev. Harry Reeder, that we found confusing, disturbing, and potentially damaging for the witness of Christ’s Church.

Harriot uncovered an article in the Dothan Eagle, a local Alabama paper, which reported on an event organized by the neo-Confederate group, the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV). The event was a celebration of General Robert E. Lee’s birthday and was held on Martin Luther King Day in 2009. Further research by Reformed Margins shows that he attended a similar event in 2012.

In addition to selling a host of Confederate-flag memorabilia, the Sons of Confederate Veterans sell books that claim Lincoln was a Marxist bent on destroying freedom and democracy, that slavery was a social good, and fondly reflect on the exploits of southern military leaders who were fighting to preserve the institution of slavery.

For example, The Confederate Catechism that the SCV claims “should be read by every student not only in the South but in the United States” contains this passage: “The negroes were the most spoiled domestics on the planet. The Southerners took the negro as a barbarian and cannibal, civilized him, supported him, clothed him, and turned him out a devout Christian. Booker T. Washington admitted that the negro was the beneficiary not the victim of slavery.” These are racist ideologies distributed and defended by the Sons of Confederate Veterans.

The home-page of the SCV website extols the virtues of those who fought in the “Second American Revolution” for “the preservation of liberty and freedom,” neglecting to mention, more specifically, exactly whose liberty and freedom they were fighting for.

Rev. Harry Reeder not only attended the 2009 and 2012 events, he was a speaker who joined in SCV celebrations by giving a lecture on General Lee. We understand that with regard to General Lee, it is contested as to what extent he supported and opposed slavery. We also understand that, while inevitably having blind spots and flaws, he may have been a truly God-fearing man in many respects. However, it remains true that General Lee was the commanding officer of a military that fought for the retention and promotion of the enslavement of black men and women who were created in the image and likeness of God.

The appearance of a minister of Word and Sacrament alongside neo-Confederates sends confusing signals to those who have benefited from the work of Rev. Reeder. How are we to square these appearances with Rev. Reeder’s personal denunciations of racism on his blog? How does this fit with the PCA’s racial reconciliation statement, which Rev. Reeder signed?

We are not calling Rev. Reeder a racist. We are resolved not to impute guilt by association, nor to engage in name-calling and finger-pointing in a world already filled with heaps of unhelpful social media shaming. We believe that Rev. Reeder should be afforded the opportunity to explain his connection to the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Does he agree with their neo-Confederate cause? Does he agree with the literature this group produces and promotes? Is he a supporter of the Confederate flag, a symbol of hate and oppression? If not, why would he support the group by attending their event as a speaker?

We, the signatories of this letter, write as alumni of Westminster Theological Seminary where Rev. Reeder sits on the Board of Trustees. Is Westminster aware of Reeder’s connection to SCV? If they are aware, to what extent do Rev. Reeder’s actions reflect the views of the seminary?

Our aim in writing this article is not to smear Rev. Reeder’s name. Instead, our prayer is that Rev. Reeder and WTS would respond to this article and the article by Michael Harriot. We ask for this explanation publicly because Rev. Reeder made his actions public in 2009 by agreeing to speak with a reporter at the Dothan Eagle and explaining his role at the SCV event. Now that the connection between Rev. Reeder and the Sons of Confederate Veterans is nationally known, we believe that ethnic minorities who are alumni of Westminster or currently attend Westminster are justified in seeking an explanation.

We believe that those connected to Rev. Reeder’s other ministry endeavors – Briarwood Presbyterian Church, The Gospel Coalition where Rev. Reeder serves on the leadership council, the Presbyterian Church in America where he serves as a teaching elder, and Reformed Theological Seminary where he serves as adjunct faculty – should also encourage Rev. Reeder to provide an explanation.

We are not seeking discipline or punishment against Rev. Reeder, nor do we feel ill will toward him. We seek clarity of truth, the unity of the Church, and a spirit of openness toward ethnic minorities within the Reformed tradition. We believe Rev. Reeder’s actions have damaged the witness and action of the Church toward those biblical goals.

We pray that Rev. Reeder will denounce the racist ideology of the neo-Confederate movement, issue an apology to those hurt by his actions and, together with Westminster Theological Seminary, The Gospel Coalition, Reformed Theological Seminary, and the Presbyterian Church in America, commit to pursuing racial justice which includes supporting ethnic minorities and denouncing racist actions, ideologies, and policies.


Marcos Ortega
Andrew Ong
Faith Chang
Bryant Parsons
Joe Kim


Marcos Ortega

Marcos Ortega (MDiv, Westminster Theological Seminary) is an Assistant Pastor at Goodwill Church (Evangelical Presbyterian Church) and lives in the Hudson River Valley in New York with his wife and two daughters.

8 thoughts on “A Prayer for Clarity from a Minister of the Gospel

  • April 26, 2017 at 1:52 pm

    Member of a PCA church in Maryland. I’ve been following the issue of the possible Briarwood Presbyterian Police Department with concern. I believe you are right to ask these questions of Reeder and WTS. Thank you.

  • April 26, 2017 at 2:07 pm

    I appreciate that you’re asking appropriate questions with an irenic spirit that seeks to be redemptive.

  • May 1, 2017 at 8:02 pm

    I have the same questions as you do and am concerned about the impact this has on racial reconciliation in Birmingham.
    I shared the article with a friend and her concern was whether you followed the Matthew 18 principle and went directly to Pastor Reeder first to seek answers to these important questions?

    • May 4, 2017 at 5:27 am

      Thanks for keeping us accountable Leigh. We emailed Rev Reeder a few days in advance of posting this piece. While we did end up posting before hearing back from Reeder, we felt it was safe to do so because 1) our post was merely a request for more information, rather than an accusation of sin and 2) our mission is to provide a platform for the marginalized ethnic voices that often have difficulty being heard in the Reformed community, especially by its most influential leaders.

      Anyway, we are thankful that Rev Reeder did eventually go to lengths to respond to Marcos with warmth and sincerity. The two were able to chat on the phone, and we’ve been encouraged. By now, I imagine, you probably already knew this: https://reformedmargins.com/some-clarity-and-hope-for-more/

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  • May 23, 2017 at 8:09 pm

    I feel sorry for his biracial grandchildren. That all this rhetoric is out there causing doubt in their hearts as to whether their grandfather could really love them.

    He is well read on Civil War history and ties in the Spiritual backgrounds of these men when he speaks at these events. You know trying to light in darkness. Sheep among the wolves.

    So any association of any group as an outside speaker makes you guilty of something?

    What questions would you have of Jesus? “Explain to us, what you were doing with those tax collectors, those filthy gentiles, and adulterers?”

    I was thinking of attending WTS. Thank you for making me realize what a mistake that would have been. Also when looking for a new pastor, if I see WTS on their resume. File drawer #13.

    The main reason for a police force on the campus of Briarwood is there have been threats against the church. The local police already have their hands full with most of surrounding neighborhood to have a presence on campus all the time.

    So rather than burden them and get all that separation of church and state yammering from you liberal creeps. They decided to hire on their own police force that will answer to the local police like so many colleges and universities do.

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